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Apache Module mod_access_compat

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Description:Group authorizations based on host (name or IP address)
Status:Extension
Module Identifier:access_compat_module
Source File:mod_access_compat.c
Compatibility:Available in Apache HTTP Server 2.3 as a compatibility module with previous versions of Apache httpd 2.x. The directives provided by this module have been deprecated by the new authz refactoring. Please see mod_authz_host

Summary

The directives provided by mod_access_compat are used in <Directory>, <Files>, and <Location> sections as well as .htaccess files to control access to particular parts of the server. Access can be controlled based on the client hostname, IP address, or other characteristics of the client request, as captured in environment variables. The Allow and Deny directives are used to specify which clients are or are not allowed access to the server, while the Order directive sets the default access state, and configures how the Allow and Deny directives interact with each other.

Both host-based access restrictions and password-based authentication may be implemented simultaneously. In that case, the Satisfy directive is used to determine how the two sets of restrictions interact.

Note

The directives provided by mod_access_compat have been deprecated by mod_authz_host. Mixing old directives like Order, Allow or Deny with new ones like Require is technically possible but discouraged. This module was created to support configurations containing only old directives to facilitate the 2.4 upgrade. Please check the upgrading guide for more information.

In general, access restriction directives apply to all access methods (GET, PUT, POST, etc). This is the desired behavior in most cases. However, it is possible to restrict some methods, while leaving other methods unrestricted, by enclosing the directives in a <Limit> section.

Merging of configuration sections

When any directive provided by this module is used in a new configuration section, no directives provided by this module are inherited from previous configuration sections.

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Directives

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See also

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Allow Directive

Description:Controls which hosts can access an area of the server
Syntax: Allow from all|host|env=[!]env-variable [host|env=[!]env-variable] ...
Context:directory, .htaccess
Override:Limit
Status:Extension
Module:mod_access_compat

The Allow directive affects which hosts can access an area of the server. Access can be controlled by hostname, IP address, IP address range, or by other characteristics of the client request captured in environment variables.

The first argument to this directive is always from. The subsequent arguments can take three different forms. If Allow from all is specified, then all hosts are allowed access, subject to the configuration of the Deny and Order directives as discussed below. To allow only particular hosts or groups of hosts to access the server, the host can be specified in any of the following formats:

A (partial) domain-name
Allow from example.org
Allow from .net example.edu

Hosts whose names match, or end in, this string are allowed access. Only complete components are matched, so the above example will match foo.example.org but it will not match fooexample.org. This configuration will cause Apache httpd to perform a double DNS lookup on the client IP address, regardless of the setting of the HostnameLookups directive. It will do a reverse DNS lookup on the IP address to find the associated hostname, and then do a forward lookup on the hostname to assure that it matches the original IP address. Only if the forward and reverse DNS are consistent and the hostname matches will access be allowed.

A full IP address
Allow from 10.1.2.3
Allow from 192.168.1.104 192.168.1.205

An IP address of a host allowed access

A partial IP address
Allow from 10.1
Allow from 10 172.20 192.168.2

The first 1 to 3 bytes of an IP address, for subnet restriction.

A network/netmask pair
Allow from 10.1.0.0/255.255.0.0

A network a.b.c.d, and a netmask w.x.y.z. For more fine-grained subnet restriction.

A network/nnn CIDR specification
Allow from 10.1.0.0/16

Similar to the previous case, except the netmask consists of nnn high-order 1 bits.

Note that the last three examples above match exactly the same set of hosts.

IPv6 addresses and IPv6 subnets can be specified as shown below:

Allow from 2001:db8::a00:20ff:fea7:ccea
Allow from 2001:db8::a00:20ff:fea7:ccea/10

The third format of the arguments to the Allow directive allows access to the server to be controlled based on the existence of an environment variable. When Allow from env=env-variable is specified, then the request is allowed access if the environment variable env-variable exists. When Allow from env=!env-variable is specified, then the request is allowed access if the environment variable env-variable doesn't exist. The server provides the ability to set environment variables in a flexible way based on characteristics of the client request using the directives provided by mod_setenvif. Therefore, this directive can be used to allow access based on such factors as the clients User-Agent (browser type), Referer, or other HTTP request header fields.

SetEnvIf User-Agent ^KnockKnock/